Adapalene Topical Solution 0.1%, containing adapalene is used for the topical treatment of acne vulgaris. Each mL of Adapalene Topical Solution, 0.1%, contains adapalene 0.1% (1 mg) in a vehicle consisting of polyethylene glycol 400 and alcohol, denatured, 30% (w/v).
CONTRAINDICATIONS: Adapalene Topical Solution 0.1% should not be administered to individuals who are hypersensitive to adapalene or any of the components in the vehicle solution.
WARNINGS: Use of Adapalene Topical Solution 0.1% should be discontinued if hypersensitivity to any of the ingredients is noted. Patients with sunburn should be advised not to use the product until fully recovered.
PRECAUTIONS: General: If a reaction suggesting sensitivity or chemical irritation occurs, use of the medication should be discontinued. Exposure to sunlight, including sunlamps, should be minimized during the use of adapalene. Patients who normally experience high levels of sun exposure, and those with inherent sensitivity to sun, should be warned to exercise caution. Use of sunscreen products and protective clothing over treated areas is recommended when exposure cannot be avoided. Weather extremes, such as wind or cold, also may be
irritating to patients under treatment with adapalene. Avoid contact with the eyes, lips, angles of the nose, and mucous membranes. The product should not be applied to cuts, abrasions, eczematous skin, or sunburned skin.
Certain cutaneous signs and symptoms such as erythema, dryness, scaling, burning, or pruritus may be experienced during treatment.These are most likely to occur during the first two to four weeks and will usually lessen with continued use of the medication. Depending upon the severity of adverse events, patients should be instructed to reduce the frequency of application or discontinue use.
PRECAUTIONS: Drug Interactions: As Adapalene Topical Solution 0.1% has the potential to produce local irritation in some patients, concomitant use of other potentially irritating topical products (medicated or abrasive soaps and cleansers, soaps and cosmetics that have a strong drying effect, and products with high concentrations of alcohols, astringents, spices or lime) should be approached with caution. Particular caution should be exercised in using preparations containing sulfur, resorcinol, or salicylic acid in combination with Adapalene Topical Solution 0.1%. If these preparations have been used, it is advisable not to start therapy with Adapalene Topical Solution 0.1% until the effects of such preparations in the skin have subsided.
ADVERSE REACTIONS: Some adverse effects such as erythema, scaling, dryness, pruritus, and burning will occur in 30-60% of patients. Pruritus or burning immediately after application also occurs in approximately 30% of patients. The following additional adverse experiences were reported in approximately 1% or less of patients: skin irritation, burning/stinging, erythema, sunburn, and acne flares. These are most commonly seen during the first month of therapy and decrease in frequency and severity thereafter. All adverse effects with the use of adapalene solution during clinical trials were reversible upon discontinuation of therapy.